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The role played by the parietooccipital cortex in the process of sensory-motor integration: an electroencephalographic study
INTRODUCTION. A fundamental aspect of planning future actions is the performance and control of motor tasks. This behaviour is done through sensory-motor integration.
AIM. To explain the electrophysiological mechanisms in the cortex (modifications to the alpha band) that are involved in anticipatory actions when individuals have to catch a free-falling object.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS. The sample was made up of 20 healthy subjects of both sexes (11 males and 9 females) with ages ranging between 25 and 40 years (32.5 ± 7.5) who were free of mental or physical diseases (previous medical history); the subjects were right-handed (Edinburgh Inventory) and were not taking any psychoactive or psychotropic substances at the time of the study. The experiment consisted in a task in which subjects had to catch freely falling objects. The experiment was made up of six blocks of 15 tests, each of which lasted 2 minutes and 30 seconds, with a break of one minute between blocks. Data were captured by means of a quantitative electroencephalogram two seconds before and two seconds after each ball was dropped.