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Intracranial meningiomas: II. Diagnosis and treatment
INTRODUCTION. Meningiomas are the most frequent group of intracranial tumours. In most cases, they are histologically benign tumours, although the fact that they may be located in anatomical areas that are difficult to reach with surgical techniques often means that their treatment must be complemented with oncological therapies. AIMS. To update our current knowledge about the diagnostic techniques and therapeutic options available for intracranial meningiomas, so as to have the latest information on this subject. DEVELOPMENT. The study involves a review of the literature that covers aspects related to the different complementary diagnostic techniques and the alternative methods of treatment.
CONCLUSIONS. Magnetic resonance imaging, in all its different sequences, is the preferred diagnostic technique, since it allows 100% intracranial meningiomas to be diagnosed. Although surgery is the preferred treatment technique in most cases, radiotherapy, in its different modes, is an essential therapeutic tool, both as a complement to surgery and as the first choice.
ChemotherapyMagnetic resonance imagingMeningiomaRadiosurgeryRadiotherapySurgery