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Pharmacoeconomic study of the treatment of advanced Parkinson’s disease
INTRODUCTION. When oral or transdermal drug therapy in Parkinson’s disease becomes less effective, there are three therapies using assisted devices that can reduce motor and non-motor complications: subcutaneous apomorphine infusion pump (SAIP), continuous levodopa/carbidopa duodenal infusion (LDI) and deep brain stimulation (DBS).
AIM. Conduct a comparative pharmacoeconomic analysis of the use of SAIP, with LDI and DBS. As a secondary objective arises discuss the profile of the ideal candidate for each of the technicals.
PATIENTS AND METHODS. Information on life years gained and quality adjusted life years (QALY) according to Hoehn & Yahr scale was obtained, as well as data on costs and resource use for each of the alternatives. The perspective of the analysis was the National Health System and the time horizon was 5 years for costs and patient´s lifetime for utilities. Outcome measures used were life years gained and QALYs, and incremental cost/utility ratio for comparison.
RESULTS. Cost/utility ratio was obtained for each option: 31,956 euros/QALY for DBS, 38,249 euros/QALY for SAIP, and 75,206 euros/QALY for LDI.