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Isolated girdle weakness: expansion of the phenotypic spectrum of the MERRF 8344A>G mutation of mitochondrial DNA
INTRODUCTION. The differential diagnosis of diseases that are accompanied by adult-onset girdle weakness is broad and includes motor neurone, neuromuscular junction or muscular diseases. The 8344A>G mutation of the MTTK gene of mitochondrial DNA usually presents with involvement of multiple organs associated (or not) with girdle weakness. To date no cases of isolated girdle weakness have been reported as the presenting symptom of this mutation. CASE
REPORT. A 57-year-old male, with a four-year history of isolated clinical signs of progressive girdle weakness. He is the brother of a 59-year-old woman with the same clinical features. Muscular biopsy played a decisive role in the diagnosis and was characteristic of mitochondrial myopathy. The genetic analysis revealed the 8344A>G mutation of the MTTK gene of mitochondrial DNA.